Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

There is an increased recognition of the need to identify and quantify the impact of genetic polymorphisms on drug-drug interactions. This study investigated the pharmacogenetics of the pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction between nevirapine and artemether-lumefantrine in HIV-positive and HIV-negative adult Nigerian subjects. Thirty each of HIV-infected patients on nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy and HIV-negative volunteers without clinical malaria, but with predetermined CYP2B6 c.516GG and TT genotypes, were administered a complete treatment dose of 3 days of artemether-lumefantrine. Rich pharmacokinetic sampling prior to and following the last dose was conducted, and the plasma concentrations of artemether/dihydroartemisinin and lumefantrine/desbutyl-lumefantrine were quantified using tandem mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters of artemether-lumefantrine and its metabolites in HIV-infected patients on nevirapine were compared to those in the absence of nevirapine in HIV-negative volunteers. Overall, nevirapine reduced exposure to artemether and desbutyl-lumefantrine by 39 and 34%, respectively. These reductions were significantly greater in GG versus TT subjects for artemether (ratio of geometric mean [90% confidence interval]: 0.42 [0.29 to 0.61] versus 0.81 [0.51 to 1.28]) and for desbutyl-lumefantrine (0.56 [0.43 to 0.74] versus 0.75 [0.56 to 1.00]). On the contrary, it increased exposure to dihydroartemisinin and lumefantrine by 47 and 30%, respectively. These increases were significantly higher in TT versus GG subjects for dihydroartemisinin (1.67 [1.20 to 2.34] versus 1.25 [0.88 to 1.78]) and for lumefantrine (1.51 [1.20 to 1.90] versus 1.08 [0.82 to 1.42]). This study underscores the importance of incorporating pharmacogenetics into all drug-drug interaction studies with potential for genetic polymorphisms to influence drug disposition. Copyright © 2020 Abdullahi et al.


Sa'ad T Abdullahi, Julius O Soyinka, Adeniyi Olagunju, Rahman A Bolarinwa, Olusola J Olarewaju, Moji T Bakare-Odunola, Markus Winterberg, Joel Tarning, Andrew Owen, Saye Khoo. Differential Impact of Nevirapine on Artemether-Lumefantrine Pharmacokinetics in Individuals Stratified by CYP2B6 c.516G>T Genotypes. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. 2020 Feb 21;64(3)

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 31871092

View Full Text