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DIAPH1 is a formin protein involved in actin polymerization with important roles in vascular remodeling and thrombosis. To investigate potential associations of DIAPH1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with hypertension and stroke, 2,012 patients with hypertension and 2,210 controls, 2,966 stroke cases [2,212 ischemic stroke (IS), 754 hemorrhagic stroke (HS)] and 2,590 controls were enrolled respectively in the case-control study. A total of 4,098 individual were included in the cohort study. DIAPH1 mRNA expression was compared between 66 IS [43 small artery occlusion (SAO) and 23 large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA)] and 58 controls. Odds ratio (OR), hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by logistic and cox regression analysis. Rs7703688 T>C variation was significantly associated with an increased risk of IS [OR (95% CI) was 1.721 (1.486-1.993), P=4.139×10-12]. Association of rs7703688 with stroke risk was further validated in the cohort study [adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for additive and recessive models were 1.385 (1.001-1.918), P=0.049, and 2.882 (1.038-8.004), P=0.042, respectively)]. DIAPH1 mRNA expression was significantly downregulated in IS. In SAO stroke subtype, DIAPH1 expression has an increased trend among rs251019 genotypes (Ptrend=0.048). These novel findings suggest that DIAPH1 variation contributes to genetic susceptibility to stroke risk, especially the SAO subtype of IS.


Zhanyun Ren, Xiaotian Chen, Wuzhuang Tang, Jie Li, Song Yang, Yanchun Chen, Xianghai Zhao, Huihua Zong, Chunlan Liu, Chong Shen. Association of DIAPH1 gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke. Aging. 2020 Jan 03;12(1):416-435

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PMID: 31899686

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