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Swelling of secretory vesicles is critical for the regulated release of intra-vesicular contents from cells during secretion. At the secretory vesicle membrane of the exocrine pancreas and neurons, GTP-binding G proteins, vH+-ATPase, potassium channels and AQP water channels, are among the players implicated in vesicle volume regulation. Here we report in the endocrine insulin-secreting MIN6 cells, the similar requirement of vH+-ATPase-mediated intracellular acidification on glucose-stimulated insulin release. MIN6 cells exposed to the vH+-ATPase inhibitor Bafilomycin A show decreased acidification of the cytosolic compartment that include insulin-carrying granules. Additionally, a loss of insulin granules near the cell plasma membrane following Bafilomycin A treatment, suggests impaired transport of insulin granules and consequent decrease in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and accumulation of intracellular insulin. These results suggest that vH+-ATPase-mediated intracellular acidification is required for insulin secretion in beta cells.


Akshata R Naik, Brent J Formosa, Rishika G Pulvender, Asiri G Liyanaarachchi, Bhanu P Jena. vH+-ATPase-induced intracellular acidification is critical to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in beta cells. Histochemistry and cell biology. 2020 Apr;153(4):279-285

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PMID: 31901974

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