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Bone resorption is a severe consequence of inflammatory diseases associated with osteolysis, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), often leading to disability in patients. In physiological conditions, the differentiation of bone-resorbing osteoclasts is delicately regulated by the balance between osteoclastogenic and anti-osteoclastogenic mechanisms. Inflammation has complex impact on osteoclastogenesis and bone destruction, and the underlying mechanisms of which, especially feedback inhibition, are underexplored. Here, we identify a novel regulatory network mediated by RBP-J/NFATc1-miR182 in TNF-induced osteoclastogenesis and inflammatory bone resorption. This network includes negative regulator RBP-J and positive regulators, NFATc1 and miR182, of osteoclast differentiation. In this network, miR182 is a direct target of both RBP-J and NFATc1. RBP-J represses, while NFATc1 activates miR182 expression through binding to specific open chromatin regions in the miR182 promoter. Inhibition of miR182 by RBP-J servers as a critical mechanism that limits TNF-induced osteoclast differentiation and inflammatory bone resorption. Inflammation, such as that which occurs in RA, shifts the expression levels of the components in this network mediated by RBP-J/NFATc1-miR182-FoxO3/PKR (previously identified miR182 targets) towards more osteoclastogenic, rather than healthy conditions. Treatment with TNF inhibitors in RA patients reverses the expression changes of the network components and osteoclastogenic potential. Thus, this network controls the balance between activating and repressive signals that determine the extent of osteoclastogenesis. These findings collectively highlight the biological significance and translational implication of this newly identified intrinsic regulatory network in inflammatory osteoclastogenesis and osteolysis. © 2019 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


Kazuki Inoue, Xiaoyu Hu, Baohong Zhao. Regulatory network mediated by RBP-J/NFATc1-miR182 controls inflammatory bone resorption. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2020 Feb;34(2):2392-2407

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PMID: 31908034

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