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    Oroxylin A (OA), as a natural flavonoid extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, is a candidate drug with multiple pharmacological activities. However, pharmacokinetic studies of OA have rarely been reported up to now. The present study aim to conduct a systemic evaluation on the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion of OA in rats, with quantification of both OA and its two metabolites, Oroxylin A 7-O-glucuronide (OG) and Oroxylin A sodium sulfonate (OS) by the sensitive and rapid UPLC-MS/MS methods. The results show that OA was rapidly eliminated in vivo after a single-dose (2 mg/kg) i.v. administration of OA. The relative bioavailability of OA in all three i.g. administration groups (40, 120, and 360 mg/kg) were <2%. The AUC0-t values of OA, OG, and OS in rats show an apparent dose-proportionality. OA, OG, and OS all underwent a rapid and widespread tissue distribution after i.g. administration (120 mg/kg) of OA. Except for stomach and intestine, the major distribution tissues of OA and its two metabolites in rats were liver, kidney, respectively. And OA was more widely distributed in tissue than its metabolites. After i.g. administration (120 mg/kg) of OA, it was mainly excreted from the feces, and OG mainly excreted from bile and urine, while OS almost free of excretion. This work present a comprehensive pharmacokinetics information for further investigation of OA and its two metabolites. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Guanghui Ren, Huili Chen, Mei Zhang, Nan Yang, Hui Yang, Chuanru Xu, Jiaming Li, Chen Ning, Zhongjin Song, Shiyu Zhou, Yueying Bian, Yang Lu, Ning Li, Yongjie Zhang, Xijing Chen, Di Zhao. Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion study of Oroxylin A, Oroxylin A 7-O-glucuronide and Oroxylin A sodium sulfonate in rats after administration of Oroxylin A. Fitoterapia. 2020 Apr;142:104480

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    PMID: 31927013

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