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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular malformations mostly located within the central nervous system. Most deleterious variants are loss of function mutations in one of the three CCM genes. These genes code for proteins that form a ternary cytosolic complex with CCM2 as a hub. Very few CCM2 missense variants have been shown to be deleterious by modifying the ternary CCM complex stability. To investigate the causality of novel missense CCM2 variants detected in patients with CCM. The three CCM genes were screened in 984 patients referred for CCM molecular screening. Interaction between CCM1 and CCM2 proteins was tested using co-immunoprecipitation experiments for the CCM2 missense variants located in the phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain. 11 distinct CCM2 rare missense variants were found. Six variants predicted to be damaging were located in the PTB domain, four of them were novel. When co-transfected with CCM1 in HEK293T cells, a loss of interaction between CCM1 and CCM2 was observed for all six variants. We showed, using co-immunoprecipitation experiments, that CCM2 missense variants located in the PTB domain were actually damaging by preventing the normal interaction between CCM1 and CCM2. These data are important for diagnosis and genetic counselling, which are challenging in patients harbouring such variants. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.


Françoise Bergametti, Geraldine Viot, Christophe Verny, Marie Pierre Brechard, Christian Denier, Pierre Labauge, Paul Petit, Aurélien Nouet, François Viallet, Annabelle Chaussenot, Dominique Hervé, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve, Florence Riant. Novel CCM2 missense variants abrogating the CCM1-CCM2 interaction cause cerebral cavernous malformations. Journal of medical genetics. 2020 Jun;57(6):400-404

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PMID: 31937560

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