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PNU-282987, the α7 acetylcholine receptor(α7nAchR) agonist, has been repeatedly reported to play a key role in anti-inflammatory action of multiple disease. However, little is known about its effect on LPS-induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction. This study investigated the protective effects and mechanisms of PNU-282987 on intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced endotoxemic rats. Endotoxemia models were induced by intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg LPS. In the endotoxemic group, results showed increases in ileum mucosal permeability, ultrastructural damage of tight junction and redistribution of zonula occludens-1, apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells and caspase-3 activation. These changes were significantly improved after PNU-282987 administration(P < 0.05). Pretreatment with α-bungarotoxin before PNU-282987 administration reversed the effects of PNU-282987(P < 0.05). These results indicate that PNU-282987 exerts protective effects on intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in LPS-induced endotoxemic rats, and its mechanism may involve the improvement of zonula occludens-1 and inhibition of enterocyte apoptosis in an α7nAchR-dependent manner.


Ying Zhang, Feng Zhou, Zhili Wang, Zhifeng Li, Jianguo Li. PNU-282987 Attenuates Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Dysfunction in LPS-Induced Endotoxemia. Inflammation. 2020 Apr;43(2):417-424

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PMID: 31950323

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