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Comprehensive molecular analyses revealed that papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a heterogenous entity. Papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP) is a subset of PRCC with characteristic histomorphologies such as low-grade nuclear features, inverted nuclear location, eosinophilic cytoplasm, and indolent clinical behavior. We tried to define the molecular, clinicopathological, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of PRNRP by comparing them with type 1 PRCC (PRCC1) and type 2 PRCC (PRCC2). A cohort of 30 PRNRP, 23 PRCC1, and 26 PRCC2 cases was used. Targeted sequencing of 90 cancer-related genes including KRAS was performed in 26 PRNRP tumor samples. PNA-mediated clamping PCR of KRAS was performed using paired normal and tumor DNA from 30 PRNRP, 23 PRCC1, and 26 PRCC2 cases. Tissue microarray slides were made in three cores per tumor, which were stained with cytokeratin 7 (CK7), alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), E-cadherin, vimentin, and CD10. Recurrent mutations in KRAS were detected in 28 of the 30 PRNRPs. However, there were no KRAS mutations in any PRCC1 or PRCC2 cases. PRNRP exhibited distinct clinicopathological features: small tumor size, lower pathologic T stage, and no disease-specific death during the follow-up period. Histologically, peritumoral lymphoid aggregation, prominent papillary architecture (>80% of tumor), hyalinized papillae, inverted nuclear location, and lower nuclear grade were observed. PRNRP was usually positive for CK7, AMACR, EMA, and E-cadherin, and negative for CD10. The findings suggest that PRNRP is a subtype of papillary renal neoplasm that is different from PRCC1 or PRCC2 in terms of molecular, clinicopathological, histological, and immunohistochemical features.


Sung Sun Kim, Yong Mee Cho, Gi Hwan Kim, Keun Hong Kee, Hun-Soo Kim, Kyoung Min Kim, Jo-Heon Kim, Chan Choi. Recurrent KRAS mutations identified in papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity-a comparative study with papillary renal cell carcinoma. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc. 2020 Apr;33(4):690-699

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PMID: 31953522

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