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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is the most economically important infectious disease affecting the global swine industry, especially since vaccination has had limited impact on PRRSV prevention and control. In this study, the monoclonal antibody PR5nf1 (Mab-PR5nf1, IgM isotype) was shown to react with heterogeneous PRRSV isolates belonging to both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 species. Pepsin digestion of Mab-PR5nf1 did not affect Mab binding to virions, as F(ab)2 fragments demonstrated the same reactivity as undigested Mab. Upon further investigation, Mab-PR5nf1 could neutralize all tested PRRSV isolates of both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2, suggesting it was a broadly neutralizing Mab against PRRSV. Interestingly, Mab-PR5nf1 appeared to recognize a specific virus epitope that required post-translational modification within the host cellular Golgi apparatus. Deglycosylation of PRRSV virions with PNGase F abolished Mab binding, suggesting that a novel Mab-binding epitope may exist that confers cross-protection against isolates of both PRRSV species. Additionally, immunization of mice with a cocktail of inactivated PRRSV virus and Mab-PR5nf1 enhanced cell-mediated immunity, as determined by IFN-γ ELIspot. In conclusion, this is the first report describing a novel Mab that recognizes a conserved epitope common to both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 and provides valuable insights to guide future PRRSV vaccine development. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Chunyan Wu, Guoqian Gu, Tianshu Zhai, Yajing Wang, Yongling Yang, Yafei Li, Xu Zheng, Qin Zhao, En-Min Zhou, Yuchen Nan. Broad neutralization activity against both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 and enhancement of cell mediated immunity against PRRSV by a novel IgM monoclonal antibody. Antiviral research. 2020 Mar;175:104716

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PMID: 31981575

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