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    Gum ghatti (Gg) and acrylamide (AAm) grafted copolymer [poly (Gg-AAm)] coated by zero valent iron (ZVI) was developed to remove toxic Congo red (CR) from waste water. Prepared composite, [poly (Gg-AAm)/ZVI] was characterized by FESEM, TEM, BET, FTIR and XRD. CR adsorption from water using [poly (Gg-AAm)/ZVI] was investigated and several parameters discussed, such as solution pH, contact time, dosage and temperature to find out removal efficiency of polymer composite. The kinetic data for the adsorption of CR followed the pseudo-second-order model and the Langmuir maximum adsorption capacity for CR at pH 7.0 were found to be 153.8, 200 and 250 mg/g at 25, 35 and 45 °C correspondingly. Desorption studies revealed that prepared composite can be used up to three cycles efficiently and thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy (ΔG0), enthalpy (ΔH0) and entropy (ΔS0) changes showed the adsorption of CR onto [poly (Gg-AAm)/ZVI] was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Siva Mohan Reddy Goddeti, Madhumita Bhaumik, Arjun Maity, Suprakas Sinha Ray. Removal of Congo red from aqueous solution by adsorption using gum ghatti and acrylamide graft copolymer coated with zero valent iron. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2020 Apr 15;149:21-30

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    PMID: 31981661

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