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    PAPPA2 is a metalloproteinase which cleaves insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 and IGFBP-5, and its role in pregnancy and postnatal growth is primarily studied. Using exclusion mapping, we reported a subcongenic (26-P) rat where a 0.71-Mbp region containing the pregnancy-associated plasma protein a2 (Pappa2) allele of salt-insensitive Brown Norway (BN) was introgressed into Dahl saltsensitive (SS) genetic background, resulting in the reduction of salt sensitivity. Pappa2 was differentially expressed in the adult kidney of 26-P and SS rats. Here, the expression and cellular localization of Pappa2 in embryonic and postnatal kidneys of 26-P and SS rats were examined. Pappa2 mRNA expression was 5-fold higher in the embryonic kidney (day 20.5) of the 26-P rat compared with the SS rat. Pappa2 mRNA expression progressively increased with the development of kidney, reaching a peak at postnatal day 5 before trending downward in subsequent stages of development in both strains. At all tested time points, Pappa2 remained higher in the 26-P compared with the SS rat kidney. Immunohistochemistry studies localized PAPPA2 in the ureteric bud (UB) and distal part of S-shaped body. PAPPA2 was colocalized with IGFBP-5 in the UB and Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter-stained tubules, respectively. Future studies are needed to determine the role of Pappa2 in kidney development and mechanistic pathways involved in this process.


    Vikash Kumar, Chun Yang, Allen W Cowley. Temporal Expression and Cellular Localization of PAPPA2 in the Developing Kidney of Rat. The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society. 2020 Mar;68(3):209-222

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    PMID: 31989854

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