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    Mechanistic or mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is an important regulator of effector functions, proliferation, and cellular metabolism in macrophages. The biochemical processes that are controlled by mTORC1 are still being defined. Here, we demonstrate that integrative multiomics in conjunction with a data-driven inverse modeling approach, termed COVRECON, identifies a biochemical node that influences overall metabolic profiles and reactions of mTORC1-dependent macrophage metabolism. Using a combined approach of metabolomics, proteomics, mRNA expression analysis, and enzymatic activity measurements, we demonstrate that Tsc2, a negative regulator of mTORC1 signaling, critically influences the cellular activity of macrophages by regulating the enzyme phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (Phgdh) in an mTORC1-dependent manner. More generally, while lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages repress Phgdh activity, IL-4-stimulated macrophages increase the activity of the enzyme required for the expression of key anti-inflammatory molecules and macrophage proliferation. Thus, we identify Phgdh as a metabolic checkpoint of M2 macrophages. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Jayne Louise Wilson, Thomas Nägele, Monika Linke, Florian Demel, Stephanie D Fritsch, Hannah Katharina Mayr, Zhengnan Cai, Karl Katholnig, Xiaoliang Sun, Lena Fragner, Anne Miller, Arvand Haschemi, Alexandra Popa, Andreas Bergthaler, Markus Hengstschläger, Thomas Weichhart, Wolfram Weckwerth. Inverse Data-Driven Modeling and Multiomics Analysis Reveals Phgdh as a Metabolic Checkpoint of Macrophage Polarization and Proliferation. Cell reports. 2020 Feb 04;30(5):1542-1552.e7

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    PMID: 32023468

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