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    A 76-year-old woman presented with a 6-week history of malaise, night sweats and recurrent fever. She had a background of dilated cardiomyopathy for which she had a cardiac resynchronisation device in situ. She had several hospital admissions across this time with differing diagnoses offered. She received multiple courses of antibiotics with short-term symptom resolution. Blood cultures grew Gram-negative rods and samples were sent to a specialist centre for subtype analysis. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed thickening of the distal right ventricular lead. A transoesophageal echocardiogram demonstrated a clearer vegetation on this lead. It transpired that she had been scratched by her dog a fortnight before symptom onset. The causal bacterium was reported as Capnocytophaga canimorsus, a bacterium that exists almost exclusively in the saliva and claws of dogs and cats. She received an extended course of antibiotics with eventual removal of the infected device. © BMJ Publishing Group Limited 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.


    Gareth Squire, Simon Hetherington. First reported case of lead-related infective endocarditis secondary to Capnocytophaga canimorsus: 'Dog Scratch' endocarditis. BMJ case reports. 2020 Feb 09;13(2)

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    PMID: 32041751

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