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    The glutathione transferase (GST) detoxification system converts exogenous and endogenous toxins into a less toxic form by conjugating the toxic compound to reduced glutathione (GSH) by a variety of GST enzymes. Of the ~20 GST isoforms, GSTA4 exhibits high catalytic efficiency toward 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), one of the most abundant end products of lipid peroxidation that contributes to neurodegenerative diseases and age-related disorders. Conjugation to GSH by GSTA4 is thought to be a major route of 4-HNE elimination. In the current study, we investigated the effects of Gsta4 deficiency on age-related cochlear pathology and hearing loss using young (3-5 months old) and old (24-25 months old) Gsta4+/+ and Gsta4-/- mice that were backcrossed onto the CBA/CaJ mouse strain, a well-established model of age-related hearing loss (AHL). At 3-5 months of age, loss of Gsta4 resulted in decreased total GSTA activity toward 4-HNE in the inner ears of young mice. However, there were no differences in the levels of 4-HNE in the inner ears between Gsta4+/+ and Gsta4-/- mice at 3-5 or 24-25 months of age. No histological abnormalities were observed in the cochlea and no hearing impairments were observed in young Gsta4-/- mice. At 24-25 months of age, both Gsta4+/+ and Gsta4-/- mice showed elevated ABR thresholds compared to 3-month-old mice, but there were no differences in ABR thresholds, cochlear spiral ganglion neuron densities, or stria vascularis thickness between Gsta4+/+ and Gsta4-/- mice. Together, these results suggest that under normal physiological conditions or during normal aging, GSTA4 is not essential for removal of 4-HNE in mouse inner ears. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Hyo-Jin Park, Mi-Jung Kim, Chul Han, Karessa White, Dalian Ding, Kevin Boyd, Richard Salvi, Shinichi Someya. Effects of Gsta4 deficiency on age-related cochlear pathology and hearing loss in mice. Experimental gerontology. 2020 May;133:110872

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    PMID: 32044382

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