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    Understanding interactions between inhaled nanoparticles and lung surfactants (LS) present at the air-water interface in the lung, is critical to assessing the toxicity of these nanoparticles. Specifically, in this work, we assess the impact of engineered carbon nanoparticles (ECN) on the ability of healthy LS to undergo reversible collapse, which is essential for proper functioning of LS. Using a Langmuir trough, multiple compression-expansion cycles are performed to assess changes in the surface pressure vs. area isotherms with time and continuous cyclic compression-expansion. Further, theoretical analysis of the isotherms is used to calculate the ability of these lipid systems to retain material during monolayer collapse, due to interactions with ECNs. These results are complemented with fluorescence images of alterations in collapse mechanisms in these monolayer films. Four different model phospholipid systems, that mimic the major compositions of LS, are used in this study. Together, our results show that the ECN does not impact the mechanism of collapse. However, the ability to retain material at the interface during monolayer collapse, as well as re-incorporation of material after a compression-expansion cycle is altered to varying extent by ECNs and depends on the composition of the lipid mixtures.


    Aishik Chakraborty, Amanda Hertel, Hayley Ditmars, Prajnaparamita Dhar. Impact of Engineered Carbon Nanodiamonds on the Collapse Mechanism of Model Lung Surfactant Monolayers at the Air-Water Interface. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Feb 07;25(3)

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    PMID: 32046011

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