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    Melatonin (MT), endogenously secreted by the pineal gland, is closely related to multiple biological processes; however, its effect on thrombopoiesis is still not well illustrated. Here, we demonstrate that MT administration can elevate peripheral platelet levels. Analysis of different stages in thrombopoiesis reveals that MT has the capacity to promote the expansion of CD34+ and CD41+ cells, and accelerate proplatelet formation (PPF) and platelet production. Furthermore, in vivo experiments show that MT has a potential therapeutic effect on radiation-induced thrombocytopenia. The underlying mechanism suggests that both extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Akt signaling are involved in the processes of thrombopoiesis facilitated by MT. Interestingly, in addition to the direct regulation of Akt signaling by its upstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), ERK1/2 signaling is also regulated by PI3K via its effector, dual adaptor for phosphotyrosine and 3-phosphoinositides (DAPP1), in megakaryocytes after MT treatment. Moreover, the expression level of DAPP1 during megakaryocyte differentiation is closely related to the activation of ERK1/2 and Akt at different stages of thrombopoiesis. In conclusion, our data suggest that MT treatment can promote thrombopoiesis, which is modulated by the DAPP1-orchestrated activation of ERK1/2 and Akt signaling. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Shilei Chen, Yan Qi, Song Wang, Yang Xu, Mingqiang Shen, Mengjia Hu, Changhong Du, Fang Chen, Mo Chen, Yukai Lu, Zihao Zhang, Yong Quan, Cheng Wang, Fengchao Wang, Junping Wang. Melatonin enhances thrombopoiesis through ERK1/2 and Akt activation orchestrated by dual adaptor for phosphotyrosine and 3-phosphoinositides. Journal of pineal research. 2020 Apr;68(3):e12637

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    PMID: 32052470

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