Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions


Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Elucidating molecular pathways regulating neuroimmune communication is critical for therapeutic interventions in conditions characterized by overactive immune responses and dysfunctional autonomic nervous system. We generated a bone marrow-specific adrenergic beta 1 and beta 2 knockout mouse chimera (AdrB1.B2 KO) to determine how sympathetic drive to the bone affects transcripts and miRNAs in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). This model has previously exhibited a dampened systemic immune response and decreased blood pressure compared with control animals. Reduced sympathetic responsiveness of the bone marrow hematopoietic cells of AdrB1.B2 KO chimera led to suppression of transcriptional networks that included leukocyte cell adhesion and migration and T cell-activation and recruitment. Transcriptome responses related to IL-17a signaling and the renin-angiotensin system were also suppressed in the PVN. Based on the transcriptome response, we next computationally predicted miRNAs in the PVN that may underscore the reduced sympathetic responsiveness of the bone marrow cells. These included miR-27b-3p, miR-150, miR-223-3p, and miR-326. Using real-time PCR, we measured a downregulation in the expression of miR-150-5p, miR-205-5p, miR-223-3p, miR-375-5p, miR-499a-5p, miR-27b-3p, let-7a-5p, and miR-21a-5p in the PVN of AdrB1.B2 KO chimera, confirming computational predictions that these miRNAs are associated with reduced neuro-immune responses and the loss of sympathetic responsiveness in the bone marrow. Intriguingly, directional responses of the miRNA corresponded to mRNAs, suggesting complex temporal or circuit-dependent posttranscriptional control of gene expression in the PVN. This study identifies molecular pathways involved in neural-immune interactions that may act as targets of therapeutic intervention for a dysfunctional autonomic nervous system.

Citation

Christopher J Martyniuk, Ruben Martínez, Daniel J Kostyniuk, Jan A Mennigen, Jasenka Zubcevic. Genetic ablation of bone marrow beta-adrenergic receptors in mice modulates miRNA-transcriptome networks of neuroinflammation in the paraventricular nucleus. Physiological genomics. 2020 Apr 01;52(4):169-177

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances


PMID: 32089076

View Full Text