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    The potential advantages for fermentation production of chemicals at high temperatures are attractive, such as promoting the rate of biochemical reactions, reducing the risk of contamination and the energy consumption for fermenter cooling. In this work, we de novo engineered the thermophile Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius to produce riboflavin, since this bacterium can ferment diverse carbohydrates at an optimal temperature of 60°C with a high growth rate. We first introduced a heterogeneous riboflavin biosynthetic gene cluster and enabled the strain to produce detectable riboflavin (28.7 mg l-1 ). Then, with the aid of an improved gene replacement method, we preformed metabolic engineering in this strain, including replacement of ribCGtg with a mutant allele to weaken the consumption of riboflavin, manipulation of purine pathway to enhance precursor supply, deletion of ccpNGtg to tune central carbon catabolism towards riboflavin production and elimination of the lactate dehydrogenase gene to block the dominating product lactic acid. Finally, the engineered strain could produce riboflavin with the titre of 1034.5 mg l-1 after 12-h fermentation in a mineral salt medium, indicating G. thermoglucosidasius is a promising host to develop high-temperature cell factory of riboflavin production. This is the first demonstration of riboflavin production in thermophilic bacteria at an elevated temperature. © 2020 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology.

    Citation

    Zhiheng Yang, Qingqing Sun, Gaoyi Tan, Quanwei Zhang, Zhengduo Wang, Chuan Li, Fengxian Qi, Weishan Wang, Lixin Zhang, Zilong Li. Engineering thermophilic Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius for riboflavin production. Microbial biotechnology. 2021 Mar;14(2):363-373

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    PMID: 32096925

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