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Introduction: Changzhou has been confronted with great challenges in birth defects (BDs) prevention, as the prevalence rates of BDs in Changzhou increased rapidly. The aims of this study were to describe the epidemiology of BDs in perinatal infants (PIs, including dead fetus, stillbirth, or live birth between 28 weeks of gestation and 7 days after birth) in Changzhou during the period from 2014 to 2018.Methods: The BD surveillance data of PIs were collected from 56 hospitals of Changzhou. The prevalence rate of BDs with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by Poisson distribution. Univariate and multivariate Poisson regression was performed to identify the changing trends of prevalence rates of BDs by year and the association of regarding BD characteristics including year, infant gender, maternal age, and season with BDs successively.Results: From 2014 to 2018, there were a total of 238,712 PIs of which 1707 had BDs, with the average prevalence of 71.509 per 10,000 PIs, showing a remarkable uptrend (aPRR = 1.133, 95%CI: 1.094-1.173). The ten leading BDs were polydactyly, congenital heart defects (CHD), syndactyly, microtia, cleft lip and palate (CLP), hypospadias, cleft palate, other malformation of external ear (OMEE), congenital atresia of rectum and anus, and congenital talipes equinovarus (CTE). During the study period, the prevalence rates of polydactyly, CHD and syndactyly increased significantly (PRR = 1.195, 95%CI: 1.109-1.288, PRR = 1.194, 95%CI: 1.105-1.291, and PRR = 1.143, 95%CI: 1.007-1.297, respectively); the prevalence rates of congenital esophageal atresia decreased significantly (PRR = 0.571, 95%CI: 0.395-0.826). The risk of BDs was higher in male PIs versus female PIs (aPRR = 1.235, 95%CI: 1.123-1.358).Conclusions: A significant increase in the prevalence of BDs was detected from 2014 to 2018 in Changzhou. CHD, polydactyly, and syndactyly increased much and congenital esophageal atresia declined much. Male PIs was risk factor for occurrence of BDs. Collecting information on factors associated with BDs, setting the report time of BDs system at smaller gestational age so as to get an exact prevalence and make better prevention strategy, strengthening the publicity and education, improving the ability of monitoring, and wider use of new diagnosis technology are important to reduce the prevalence of BDs in PIs.

Citation

Ying Zhou, Xueqin Mao, Hua Zhou, Zhiqiang Qin, Li Wang, Zhengmao Cai, Bin Yu. Epidemiology of birth defects based on a birth defect surveillance system in Southern Jiangsu, China, 2014-2018. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. 2020 Feb 25:1-7


PMID: 32098533

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