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Objective: To explore the potential regulation mechanisms of miR-384-5p in Neuropathic pain (NP).Methods: Rat model of chronic constriction injury (CCI) was established to induce NP in vivo. NP levels were assessed using Withdrawal Threshold (PWT) and Paw Withdrawal Latency (PWL). qPCR and Western blotting were used to determine the relative expression of miR-384-5p and SCN3A. The inflammation response in spinal microglia cells was determined by ELISA assay. Immunofluorescence assay was used to demonstrate the co-localization of miR-384-5p with SCN3A in rat dorsal root ganglions (DRGs). The target genes of miR-384-5p were verified by dual-luciferase report assays.Results: In the current study, the miR-384-5p expression level was significantly downregulated in CCI rats when comparing to the sham group. In addition, miR-384-5p agomir significantly repressed mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia in CCI rats. Meanwhile, the current study indicated miR-384-5p could decrease inflammation progress in spinal microglia cells incubated in lipopolysaccharide. Consistently, overexpression of miR-384-5p obviously depressed inflammation cytokine levels in CCI rats. Dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that SCN3A is a target gene of miR-384-5p.Conclusion: miR-384-5p is a negative regulator in the development of neuropathic pain by regulating SCN3A, indicating that miR-384-5p might be a promising therapeutic target in the treatment of neuropathic pain.Abbreviations: CCI: Chronic constriction injury; ZEB1: Zinc finger E box binding protein-1; MAPK6: Mitogen-activated protein kinase 6; COX-2: cyclooxygenase-2.


Guangyao Ye, Yu Zhang, Jingsong Zhao, Yuebo Chen, Lingsi Kong, Chaoxu Sheng, Liyong Yuan. miR-384-5p ameliorates neuropathic pain by targeting SCN3A in a rat model of chronic constriction injury. Neurological research. 2020 Apr;42(4):299-307

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PMID: 32098588

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