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    E-textile consisting of natural fabrics has become a promising material to construct wearable sensors due to its comfortability and breathability on the human body. However, the reported fabric-based e-textile materials, such as graphene-treated cotton, silk, and flax, generally suffer from the electrical and mechanical instability in long-term wearing. In particular, fabrics on the human body have to endure heat variation, moisture evaporation from metabolic activities, and even the immersion with body sweat. To face the above challenges, here we report a wool-knitted fabric sensor treated with graphene oxide (GO) dyeing followed by l-ascorbic acid (l-AA) reduction (rGO). This rGO-based strain sensor is highly stretchable, washable, and durable with rapid sensing response. It exhibits excellent linearity with more than 20% elongation and, most importantly, withstand moisture from 30 to 90% (or even immersed with water) and still maintains good electrical and mechanical properties. We further demonstrate that, by integrating this proposed material with the near-field communication (NFC) system, a batteryless, wireless wearable body movement sensor can be constructed. This material can find wide use in smart garment applications.


    Lulu Xu, Zekun Liu, Heng Zhai, Xiao Chen, Rujie Sun, Shida Lyu, Yangyang Fan, Yangpeiqi Yi, Zhongda Chen, Lu Jin, Jianbao Zhang, Yi Li, Terry T Ye. Moisture-Resilient Graphene-Dyed Wool Fabric for Strain Sensing. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2020 Mar 18;12(11):13265-13274

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    PMID: 32105063

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