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Small intestinal submucosa extracellular matrix (SIS-ECM) composite materials are catching eyes in tissue engineering but have been rarely studied in bone repair. In this study, we developed the unique bilayer bone scaffolds by assembling decellularized SIS-ECM and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanofibers through the electrospinning technique. To strengthen the bioactivity of the scaffolds, pifithrin-α (PFTα), a p53 inhibitor that can reduce the repressive function of p53 in osteogenesis, was preloaded in the PLGA electrospinning solution. We found that the resultant SIS-ECM/PLGA/PFTα scaffolds exhibited porous morphology, good biocompatibility, and enhanced osteoinductivity. Specifically, the SIS-ECM/PLGA/PFTα scaffolds could promote the osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of the preosteoblasts MC3T3-E1 in a PFTα does dependent manner in vitro. Furthermore, the SIS-ECM/PLGA/PFTα scaffolds were better than the pure SIS-ECM and SIS-ECM/PLGA scaffolds in terms of vessel and new bone tissue formation after 4 weeks post-implantation in vivo. These overall findings indicated that the bilayer PFTα loaded SIS-ECM/PLGA scaffolds facilitated vascularized bone regeneration, showing promising potential for bone tissue engineering. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Xiaobo Xie, Wanshun Wang, Jing Cheng, Haifeng Liang, Zefeng Lin, Tao Zhang, Yao Lu, Qi Li. Bilayer pifithrin-α loaded extracellular matrix/PLGA scaffolds for enhanced vascularized bone formation. Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces. 2020 Jun;190:110903

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PMID: 32120128

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