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Lambda-cyhalothrin is a pyrethroid widely used in crop, fruit and vegetable production, but has potential health threats to human. Immunoassay is a cheap, rapid and facile method to detect lambda-cyhalothrin, yet wide application of this method still requires improvement in the construction of antigen. In this study, we developed a one-step lambda-cyhalothrin hapten synthesis that transformed the cyanide group in lambda-cyhalothrin to amide. Complete antigen was assembled by coupling the amide with succinic-anhydride-activated carrier proteins, and corresponding polyclonal antibodies were generated using Balb/c mice. Using antibody generated by the method in this paper, the competitive ELISA demonstrated the lowest detection limit of 3.772 μg/L for lambda-cyhalothrin, and no significant cross-reactivity for other pyrethroid pesticides was observed. All the results suggested we have established a more efficient technique of generating lambda-cyhalothrin antibody. Furthermore, since the activated proteins used in this study are highly controllable, we believe these proteins could potentially be the prototype of a series of standardized carrier proteins for the synthesis of complete antigens. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Nan Cui, Limin Cao, Jianxin Sui, Hong Lin, Xiangning Han, Xiangfeng Chen, Hanyi Xie, Xun Sun. Quick and convenient construction of lambda-cyhalothrin antigen for the generation of specific antibody. Analytical biochemistry. 2020 May 15;597:113669

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PMID: 32126209

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