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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common airway disease characterized by an exaggerated pulmonary inflammatory response. Long noncoding MIR155 host gene (lncRNA MIR155HG) has been identified to be related to the macrophage polarization in COPD. However, the detailed function of MIR155HG in cigarette smoke (CS)-mediated COPD remains largely unknown. The expression level of MIR155HG was elevated while miR-218-5p was decreased in lung tissues of smokers without or with COPD, especially in smokers with COPD, and cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-treated human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell (HPMECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Then, functional experiments showed that MIR155HG deletion could reverse CSE exposure-induced apoptosis and inflammation in HPMECs. MiR-218-5p was confirmed to be a target of MIR155HG and rescue assay showed miR-218-5p inhibitor attenuated the inhibitory action of MIR155HG knockdown on CSE-induced HPMECs. Subsequently, miR-218-5p was found to target bromodomain containing 4 (BRD4) directly, and miR-218-5p overexpression overturned CSE-induced injury of HPMECs via regulating BRD4. Additionally, co-expression analysis indicated MIR155HG indirectly regulated BRD4 expression in HPMECs via miR-218-5p. Thus, we concluded that MIR155HG contributed to the apoptosis and inflammation of HPMECs in smoke-related COPD by regulating miR-128-5p/BRD4 axis, providing a novel insight on the pathogenesis of COPD and a therapeutic strategy on COPD treatments. © 2020 The Author(s).


Jie Song, Qihu Wang, Liguo Zong. LncRNA MIR155HG contributes to smoke-related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by targeting miR-128-5p/BRD4 axis. Bioscience reports. 2020 Mar 27;40(3)

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PMID: 32129458

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