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Factor XII (FXII) is a plasma serine protease that initiates the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation upon contact with anionic substances, such as the sulfated glycolipid sulfatide. Annexins (ANXs) have been implicated in the regulation of the blood coagulation reaction by binding to anionic surfaces composed of phospholipids and sulfated glycoconjugates, but their physiological importance is only partially understood. To test the hypothesis that ANXs are involved in suppressing the intrinsic pathway initiated by sulfatide, we examined the effect of eight recombinant ANX proteins on the intrinsic coagulation reaction and their sulfatide binding activities. Recombinant ANXs were prepared in Escherichia coli expression systems and their anticoagulant effects on the intrinsic pathway initiated by sulfatide were examined using plasma clotting assay and chromogenic assay. ANXA4 active sites were identified by alanine scanning and fold deletion in the core domain. We found that ANXA3, ANXA4, and ANXA5 strongly inhibited sulfatide-induced plasma coagulation. Wild-type and mutated ANXA4 were used to clarify the molecular mechanism involved in inhibition. ANXA4 inhibited sulfatide-induced auto-activation of FXII to FXIIa and the conversion of its natural substrate FXI to FXIa but showed no effect on the protease activity of FXIIa or FXIa. Alanine scanning showed that substitution of the Ca2+ -binding amino acid residue in the fourth fold of the core domain of ANXA4 reduced anticoagulant activity, and deletion of the entire fourth fold of the core domain resulted in complete loss of anticoagulant activity. © 2020 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.


Moeka Nakayama, Hitomi Miyagawa, Yumiko Kuranami, Miyuki Tsunooka-Ota, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Kyoko Kojima-Aikawa. Annexin A4 inhibits sulfatide-induced activation of coagulation factor XII. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH. 2020 Jun;18(6):1357-1369

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PMID: 32145147

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