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Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5 (Birc5), also known as survivin, is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family of proteins and regulates the size of tissues through cell division control. The uterus is the most dynamically sized organ among tissues during the estrous cycle. Although Birc5 is expressed in some terminally differentiated cells, the regulation of its expression in the uterus remains unknown. We investigated the regulation of Birc5 expression in the mouse uterus. RT-PCR analysis showed that Birc5 was expressed in various tissues, including the uterus; the expression level of Birc5 was significantly higher at the diestrus stage. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting analysis revealed that Birc5 was more active in luminal and glandular epithelium than in endometrial stroma. In ovariectomized mice, Birc5 expression in the uterus was gradually increased by estrogen treatment; however, progesterone injection decreased its expression. Estrogen-induced Birc5 expression was blocked by treatment with estrogen receptor antagonist, ICI 182, 780 and progesterone-reduced Birc5 expression was inhibited by the progesterone receptor antagonist RU486. These results suggest that Birc5 expression is dynamically regulated by a combination of estrogen and progesterone via their receptor-mediated signaling.

Citation

Minha Cho, Ok-Hee Lee, Eun Mi Chang, Sujin Lee, Sohyeon Moon, Jihyun Lee, Haeun Park, Keun-Hong Park, Chankyu Park, Kwonho Hong, Youngsok Choi. BIRC5 Expression is Regulated in Uterine Epithelium During the Estrous Cycle. Genes. 2020 Mar 06;11(3)

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PMID: 32155884

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