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    Plasma of argon was demonstrated to improve protein and cell adhesion on implant surface. On the other hand, increased surface energy and hydrophilicity could potentially amplify the risks of implant surface contamination during clinical phases, risks that have not yet been evaluated in Literature. The aim of the present in vitro study was to verify if Plasma treatment could alter the implant surface characteristics and its ability to remain sterile. Implants from 9 brands were collected (n=11). One implant for each company was used for SEM surface analysis. To perform the microbiological analysis, ten implants from each company were used and randomly split by allocation either in test or control group. To replicate the surgical work flow, both test and control samples were left 60s in clinical environment. Bacterial growth analysis was performed. Optical density at 600nm was measured as readout of bacterial growth and colony forming unit (CFU) after 24h was evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed by using the Wilcoxon Mann Whitney test. A p-value lower than 0.05 was considered significant. SEM analysis revealed different categories of implant surface roughness. The optical density confirmed a readout of bacterial growth between 4 and 7 with no significant differences within groups. The number of CFU/ml for each measured sample (test and control) was lower than 102 and failed to present significant differences. Surface activation using plasma of argon did not affect the degree of implant contamination, allowing to maintain a substantial sterility of the implant independently of its morphology. This may allow in the next future the use of bioactivation through plasma of argon to exploit the superhydrophilicity deriving from this biophysical process. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

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    Luigi Canullo, Tullio Genova, Paolo Pesce, Yasushi Nakajima, Daichi Yonezawa, Federico Mussano. Surface bio-functionalization using plasma of argon could alter microbiological and topographic surface analysis of dental implants? Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft. 2020 Jul;230:151489

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    PMID: 32165207

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