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    Rhipicephalus microplus is responsible for major economic losses in cattle ranching in Brazil, and the development of multiple acaricide resistance is a major concern to control this ectoparasite. To determine the resistance of R. microplus to acaricides in 26 ranches in the semi-arid region of Paraíba State, Brazil, larval assays were performed with cypermethrin, chlorpyriphos, amitraz, ivermectin and fipronil and resistance was observed in all locations. The frequency of populations resistant to cypermethrin, chlorpyriphos, amitraz and ivermectin was, respectively, 96 %, 72 %, 83 % and 92 % while none was resistant to fipronil. Resistance to one, two, three and four acaricides was recorded, respectively, in 4 %, 15 %, 31 % and 50 % of the farms. Errors in the control management of R. microplus determined the development of resistance to acaricides in all evaluated properties pointing towards development of new strategies for its control. In order to control multiple acaricide-resistant cattle tick populations in this area it is recommended to apply suppressive treatments with fipronil and/ or fluazuron. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


    Vinícius Longo Ribeiro Vilela, Thais Ferreira Feitosa, Roberto Alves Bezerra, Guilherme M Klafke, Franklin Riet-Correa. Multiple acaricide-resistant Rhipicephalus microplus in the semi-arid region of Paraíba State, Brazil. Ticks and tick-borne diseases. 2020 Jul;11(4):101413

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    PMID: 32173298

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