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Bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl) is an essential pigment for anoxygenic photosynthesis. In late steps of the BChl biosynthesis of Rhodobacter capsulatus, the C8 vinyl group and C7=C8 double bond of 8-vinyl chlorophyllide a (8 V-Chlide) are reduced by a C8 vinyl reductase (8VR), BciA, and a nitrogenase-like enzyme, chlorophyllide a oxidoreductase (COR), respectively, to produce 3-vinyl-bacteriochlorphyllide a. Recently, we discovered 8VR activity in COR. However, the kinetic parameters of the COR 8VR activity remain unknown, while those of the COR C7=C8 reductase activity and BciA have been reported. Here, we determined the kinetic parameters of COR 8VR activity by using 8 V-Chlide. The Km value for 8 V-Chlide was 1.4 μM, which is much lower than the 6.2 μM determined for the C7=C8 reduction of Chlide. The kinetic parameters of the dual activities of COR suggest that COR catalyzes the reduction of the C8 vinyl group of 8 V-Chlide preferentially over C7=C8 reduction when both substrates are supplied during BChl biosynthesis. © 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Haruki Yamamoto, Tadashi Mizoguchi, Yusuke Tsukatani, Hitoshi Tamiaki, Genji Kurisu, Yuichi Fujita. Chlorophyllide a oxidoreductase Preferentially Catalyzes 8-Vinyl Reduction over B-Ring Reduction of 8-Vinyl Chlorophyllide a in the Late Steps of Bacteriochlorophyll Biosynthesis. Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology. 2020 Jun 15;21(12):1760-1766

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PMID: 32180325

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