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Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal condition that affects development in females, resulted from a complete or partial absence of the second X chromosome or from structural anomalies (mosaicism) of one X chromosome. TS is one of the most common sex chromosome disorders among live-born female births. We presented with a 63 y.o. Female, who admitted to our Hospital with a chief complaint of pain when urinating and frequent haematuria. She has a history of Turner Syndrome (45 XO). Local examination in the lithotomy position revealed labial agglutination involving the labia majora. We did a Cystoscopy to evaluate the bladder and urethra, and then biopsied the tissues. Vaginal Reconstruction was performed to repair the Labial Synechiae. The biopsy showed that this histological finding is consistent with Follicular Cystitis that could cause by chronic UTIs. Labial Synechiae (LS), or Labial agglutination is a disorder of the female genitalia characterized by thin, membranous adherence of the labia. LS usually noted in female with numerous UTIs and vaginal infections. Goel et al confirmed that LS is not a congenital disorder. In a retrospective study, they found out that LS is probably caused by multiple numerous UTIs that may cause a membrane to formed around the labia. The negligence and chronicity of this condition may have thickened the synechiae, making it persist for a long time, and can actually cause a symptom to appear. There is no literature to suggest any link between TS and LS directly. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.


Johannes Cansius Prihadi, Yuvi Wahyudi. Labial synechiae in geriatric patients with turner syndrome: A case report. International journal of surgery case reports. 2020;68:267-269

PMID: 32203903

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