Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Stem cell factor receptor (c-kit) plays a crucial role in regulating proliferation and survival of germ cells. The aim of this study was to find the correlation between the number of c-kit positive germ cells, testicular asymmetry and histological grade in varicocele affected testis samples of adolescents. Twenty testicular biopsy samples of adolescents affected by varicocele and eight normal control testes were included. The relationship between percentage of testicular asymmetry, number of tubular c-kit positive germ cells and severity of spermatogenic failure was assessed. The mean (SD; median) histological grade for spermatogenic failure in controls was 1.37(0.52; 1), while in the varicocele group, it was 2.70(1.08; 3) (P = .0052). Mean(SD; median) number c-kit positive germ cells in the control group were 20.1(2.52; 20), while in the varicocele group it was 12.35(7.16; 12.5) (P = .0059). Spearman test documented a significant positive correlation between percentage of hypotrophy and histological grade of spermatogenic failure (r = 0.5544 , 95% CI: 0.1345 to 0.8055, P = .0112) but a negative correlation with the number of c-kit positive cells (r = - 0.5871, 95% CI: - 0.8219 to -0.1817, P = .0065). Moreover, a significant negative correlation was found between grade of histological changes and number of c-kit positive germ cells (P < .0001). A significant correlation between hypotrophy, histological lesions and c-kit positive germ cells exists in varicocele testes. This finding suggests a possible role for c-kit in the pathogenesis of germ cell impairment in varicocele. Histological changes and lack of c-kit germ cells were also noted in testes not displaying hypotrophy. We believe that reliable markers should be found as better predictors of testicular function in adolescent with varicocele.


Salvatore Arena, Pietro Impellizzeri, Carmine Fazzari, Maria Peri Flora, Antonelli Enrica, Ugo Calabrese, Antonio Centorrino, Angela Alibrandi, Carmelo Romeo. Stem Cell Factor Receptor Immunoexpression in Adolescent Varicocele. Urology journal. 2020 Jun 23;17(4):391-396

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32207142

View Full Text