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Nonbiologic medications (local anesthetics, corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are commonly administered to athletes for analgesia after injury. However, the risks of nonbiologic injections often are overlooked simply because of their long-term market availability. A thorough understanding of the mechanism of action, the reported benefits, and the potential risks of nonbiologic medications is crucial prior to their use, especially in the treatment of young athletes. Sports medicine physicians and surgeons must be aware of the systemic and local effects of these medications to ensure an appropriate drug choice that minimizes side effects and avoids recently reported toxicity to myocytes, tenocytes, and chondrocytes.

Citation

Asheesh Bedi, Thai Q Trinh, Adam M Olszewski, Tristan Maerz, Austin J Ramme. Nonbiologic Injections in Sports Medicine. JBJS reviews. 2020 Feb;8(2):e0052

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PMID: 32224626

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