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QPX7728 is an ultrabroad-spectrum boronic acid beta-lactamase inhibitor, with potent inhibition of key serine and metallo-beta-lactamases being observed in biochemical assays. Microbiological studies using characterized strains were used to provide a comprehensive characterization of the spectrum of beta-lactamase inhibition by QPX7728. The MICs of multiple antibiotics administered intravenously only (ceftazidime, piperacillin, cefepime, ceftolozane, and meropenem) and orally bioavailable antibiotics (ceftibuten, cefpodoxime, tebipenem) alone and in combination with QPX7728 (4 μg/ml), as well as comparator agents, were determined against panels of laboratory strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae expressing over 55 diverse serine and metallo-beta-lactamases. QPX7728 significantly enhanced the potency of antibiotics against strains expressing class A extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (CTX-M, SHV, TEM, VEB, PER) and carbapenemases (KPC, SME, NMC-A, BKC-1), consistent with the beta-lactamase inhibition demonstrated in biochemical assays. It also inhibited both plasmidic (CMY, FOX, MIR, DHA) and chromosomally encoded (P99, PDC, ADC) class C beta-lactamases and class D enzymes, including carbapenemases, such as OXA-48 from Enterobacteriaceae and OXA enzymes from Acinetobacter baumannii (OXA-23/24/72/58). QPX7728 is also a potent inhibitor of many class B metallo-beta-lactamases (NDM, VIM, CcrA, IMP, and GIM but not SPM or L1). Addition of QPX7728 (4 μg/ml) reduced the MICs for a majority of the strains to the level observed for the control with the vector alone, indicative of complete beta-lactamase inhibition. The ultrabroad-spectrum beta-lactamase inhibition profile makes QPX7728 a viable candidate for further development. Copyright © 2020 Lomovskaya et al.


Olga Lomovskaya, Ruslan Tsivkovski, Kirk Nelson, Debora Rubio-Aparicio, Dongxu Sun, Maxim Totrov, Michael N Dudley. Spectrum of Beta-Lactamase Inhibition by the Cyclic Boronate QPX7728, an Ultrabroad-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Inhibitor of Serine and Metallo-Beta-Lactamases: Enhancement of Activity of Multiple Antibiotics against Isogenic Strains Expressing Single Beta-Lactamases. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. 2020 May 21;64(6)

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PMID: 32229489

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