Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Autophagy plays a key role in colorectal cancer (CRC) development and reduces the sensitivity of CRC cells to treatment. The present study reported a novel tumor‑suppressive role for autophagy, which was demonstrated to be regulated through the novel oncogene neurotrophin‑4 (NTF4). NTF4 was significantly overexpressed in tumor tissue compared with non‑tumor mucosa, and the upregulation of NTF4 in CRC was associated with poor overall survival and advanced TNM stage. The genetic knockdown of NTF4 using short hairpin RNA in CRC cells prevented epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition and activated autophagy; this was regulated through the interaction between autophagy‑associated gene 5 (Atg5) and the mitogen‑activated protein kinase pathway. In addition, the knockdown of NTF4 inhibited cell invasion, migration, proliferation and colony formation, and promoted cell cycle arrest. Treatment of the cells with the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) rescued these functions and promoted cell invasion, migration, proliferation and colony formation. Finally, the knockdown of NTF4 inhibited the growth of subcutaneous xenografts in Balb/c‑nu mice. In conclusion, these findings suggested that NTF4 may be a diagnostic marker associated with the overall survival and progression of patients with CRC. NTF4 was found to promote tumorigenesis and CRC development through autophagy regulation.


Zhou Yang, Yusheng Chen, Xiyi Wei, Dejun Wu, Zhijun Min, Yingjun Quan. Upregulated NTF4 in colorectal cancer promotes tumor development via regulating autophagy. International journal of oncology. 2020 Jun;56(6):1442-1454

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32236587

View Full Text