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Oxyntomodulin (OXM) is an intestinal peptide hormone that activates both glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucagon (GCG) receptors. The natural peptide reduces body weight in obese subjects and exhibits direct acute glucoregulatory effects in patients with type II diabetes. However, the clinical utility of OXM is limited due to its lower in vitro potency and short in vivo half-life. To overcome these issues, we developed stapled, long-acting, and highly potent OXM analogs with balanced activities at both GLP-1 and GCG receptors. The lead molecule O14 exhibits potent and long-lasting effects on glucose control, body weight loss, and reduction of hepatic fat reduction in DIO mice. Importantly, O14 significantly reversed hepatic steatosis; reduced liver weight, total cholesterol, and hepatic triglycerides; and improved markers of liver function in a nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) mouse model. A symmetrical version of the peptide was also shown to be more efficacious and long-lasting in controlling glucose than semaglutide and the clinical candidate cotadutide in wild-type mice, highlighting the utility of our designs of the dual agonist as a potential new therapy for diabetes and liver diseases.

Citation

Peng-Yu Yang, Huafei Zou, Zaid Amso, Candy Lee, David Huang, Ashley K Woods, Vân T B Nguyen-Tran, Peter G Schultz, Weijun Shen. New Generation Oxyntomodulin Peptides with Improved Pharmacokinetic Profiles Exhibit Weight Reducing and Anti-Steatotic Properties in Mice. Bioconjugate chemistry. 2020 Apr 15;31(4):1167-1176

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PMID: 32243137

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