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To improve survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, combination therapy with bilateral pulmonary artery banding and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1)-mediated ductal patency was developed as an alternative for high-risk neonates in Japan. However, the effect of long-term PGE1 administration on ductus arteriosus remains unclear. Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray phase-contrast tomography (XPCT) enables clear visualization of soft tissues at an approximate spatial resolution of 12.5 μm. We aimed to investigate morphologic changes in ductus arteriosus after long-term PGE1 infusion using XPCT. Seventeen ductus arteriosus tissue samples from patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome were obtained during the Norwood procedure. The median duration of lipo-prostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1) administration was 48 days (range, 3 to 123). Structural analysis of ductus arteriosus was performed and compared with conventional histologic analysis. The XPCT was successfully applied to quantitative measurements of ductal media. Significant correlation was found between the duration of lipo-PGE1 infusion and mass density of ductal media (R = 0.723, P = .001). The duration of lipo-PGE1 administration was positively correlated with elastic fiber staining (R = 0.799, P < .001) and negatively correlated with smooth muscle formation (R = -0.83, P < .001). No significant increase in intimal cushion formation was found after long-term lipo-PGE1 administration. Expression of ductus arteriosus dominant PGE2-receptor EP4 almost disappeared in specimens when lipo-PGE1 was administered over 3 days. Disorganized elastogenesis and little intimal cushion formation after long-term lipo-PGE1 administration suggest that ductus arteriosus remodeled to the elastic artery phenotype. Because EP4 was downregulated and ductus arteriosus exhibited elastic characteristics, the dosage of lipo-PGE1 might be decreased after a definite administration period. Copyright © 2020 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Ryuma Iwaki, Hironori Matsuhisa, Susumu Minamisawa, Toru Akaike, Masato Hoshino, Naoto Yagi, Kiyozo Morita, Gen Shinohara, Yukihiro Kaneko, Shuichi Yoshitake, Masashi Takahashi, Takuro Tsukube, Yoshihiro Oshima. Effect of Long-term Administration of Prostaglandin E1 on Morphologic Changes in Ductus Arteriosus. The Annals of thoracic surgery. 2020 Dec;110(6):2088-2095

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PMID: 32246933

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