Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • adult (1)
  • anthropoid (3)
  • anthropoidea (1)
  • cartilage (1)
  • haplorhini (1)
  • humans (2)
  • ligaments (1)
  • mammalia (1)
  • mandible (2)
  • osteogenesis (1)
  • primates (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    An ossified or 'fused' mandibular symphysis characterizes the origins of the Anthropoidea, a primate suborder that includes humans. Longstanding debate about the adaptive significance of variation in this jaw joint centers on whether a bony symphysis is stronger than an unfused one spanned by cartilage and ligaments. To provide essential information regarding mechanical performance, intact adult symphyses from representative primates and scandentians were loaded ex vivo to simulate stresses during biting and chewing - dorsoventral (DV) shear and lateral transverse bending ('wishboning'). The anthropoid symphysis requires significantly more force to induce structural failure vs. strepsirrhines and scandentians with unfused joints. In wishboning, symphyseal breakage always occurs at the midline in taxa with unfused conditions, further indicating that an ossified symphysis is stronger than an unfused joint. Greater non-midline fractures among anthropoids suggest that fusion imposes unique constraints on masticatory function elsewhere along the mandible, a phenomenon likely to characterize the evolution of fusion and jaw form throughout Mammalia.


    Matthew J Ravosa, Christopher J Vinyard. Masticatory Loading and Ossification of the Mandibular Symphysis during Anthropoid Origins. Scientific reports. 2020 Apr 06;10(1):5950

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    PMID: 32249773

    View Full Text