Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions


  • allele (1)
  • apolipoprotein b (1)
  • asian (1)
  • child (2)
  • children (1)
  • family (5)
  • female (1)
  • gene (12)
  • humans (1)
  • hyperlipoproteinemia (1)
  • LDLR (14)
  • patients (1)
  • PCSK9 (3)
  • pcsk9 protein, human (1)
  • protein human (2)
  • receptors ldl (2)
  • wife (2)
  • young adult (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    We previously identified the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene, which was interpreted as "conflicting interpretations of pathogenicity" in ClinVar, based on a genetic analysis of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). However, whether this variant affects the pathophysiology of FH remains unclear. Therefore, our aim was to annotate the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene in FH. We present 2 families harboring the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene. Genetic analyses were performed for the coding regions and the exon-intron boundary sequence of the LDLR and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) genes in 2 FH families. Next, the family without pathogenic variants in the LDLR and PCSK9 genes was screened by whole-exome sequencing. Detailed clinical and biochemical data were gathered from family members. In one family, the index case had biallelic c.1567G > A: p.(Val523Met) and c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variants in the LDLR gene, while the sibling had only the c.1567G > A: p.(Val523Met) variant in the LDLR gene. There was no difference in the FH phenotype between the siblings. In another family, the index case and the sibling had no pathogenic variants in the LDLR, PCSK9, and apolipoprotein B (APOB) genes, but the sibling's wife with nonFH had the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene. The sibling and his wife had 4 children, including an unaffected child and an affected child who had the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene. In addition, the allele frequency of the c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant (0.0023-0.0043) in Japanese and East Asian populations is relatively high compared with that of the other LDLR pathogenic variants (0.0001-0.0008). The c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene is interpreted as benign in individuals with FH.

    Citation

    Mika Hori, Atsushi Takahashi, Cheol Son, Masatsune Ogura, Mariko Harada-Shiba. The benign c.344G > A: p.(Arg115His) variant in the LDLR gene interpreted from a pedigree-based genetic analysis of familial hypercholesterolemia. Lipids in health and disease. 2020 Apr 06;19(1):62

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances


    PMID: 32252761

    View Full Text