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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical features of ears with otosclerosis and their correlation with endolymphatic hydrops and blood-labyrinth barrier (BLB) impairment on 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This was a single-center retrospective imaging study. Thirty-nine ears from 29 patients (17 men, 12 women; mean age 52±12 [SD] years; range 27-74 years) with non-operated otosclerosis were included. All patients underwent three-dimensional fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI sequences performed 4hours after the intravenous administration of a single dose of gadolinium-based contrast material. MRI examinations were analyzed by two radiologists for the presence of saccular hydrops (SH) and BLB impairment. Results of MRI examinations were compared with clinical findings, hearing levels and extent of otosclerotic lesions based on high-resolution computed tomography findings. BLB impairment was evaluated using the signal intensity ratio, ratio of intensities between the basal turn of the cochlea and the medulla. SH was observed in 1/39 (3%) otosclerotic ears and BLB impairment in 8/39 (21%) while 8/29 patients with otosclerosis (28%) had vertigo. No significant associations were found between SH or BLB impairment on MRI, and the presence of vertigo or the degree of sensorineural hearing loss. Clinical manifestations of otosclerosis (sensorineural hearing loss and rotatory vertigo) were not significantly associated with MRI findings such as BLB impairment and endolymphatic hydrops. SH was only observed in one patient with obstruction of the vestibular aqueduct by an otosclerotic focus. Copyright © 2020 Société française de radiologie. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


    J Laine, C Hautefort, A Attye, J-P Guichard, P Herman, E Houdart, M-J Fraysse, B Fraysse, A Gillibert, R Kania, M Eliezer. MRI evaluation of the endolymphatic space in otosclerosis and correlation with clinical findings. Diagnostic and interventional imaging. 2020 Sep;101(9):537-545

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    PMID: 32253140

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