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The aim of present study is to investigate the role of lymphotoxin beta receptor (Ltβr) in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced inflammation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and whether its effects are mediated by modulating microRNAs (miRNAs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). Mouse aortic smooth muscle cell (SMC) line (MOVAS cells) were transduced with short hairpin Ltβr (shLtβr) and mRNA and protein expression level of Ltβr were measured by qPCR and Western blot in shLtβr-transduced cells. Lentiviral vector-transduced (control) and lentiviral vector/shLtβr-transduced MOVAS cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 0, 16, or 24 h. Then the mRNA and protein levels of Ltβr, interleukin-18 (IL-18), p-p65, p65 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Different miRNAs expression in LPS-stimulated normal and shLtβr-transduced cells were detected by small RNA sequencing (smRNA-seq). The mRNA and protein expression of Ltβr was significantly downregulated in shLtβr-transduced cells. LPS-increased the mRNA and protein levels of Ltβr, IL-18, p-p65 and VCAM-1 in were attenuated by shLtβr transducing compared with LPS-stimulated control group. Moreover, LPS treatment induced 10 upregulated and 64 downregulated miRNAs in shLtβr-transduced cells compared with control cells. Moreover, miR-146b-5p and miR-27a-5p levels were significantly decreased in shLtβr-transduced cells. Our results show for the first time that the role of Ltβr in regulating inflammatory response in LPS-stimulated VSMCs via modulating miRNAs and NF-κB pathway. Our findings might provide valuable information with respect to better understanding in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis.


Xiao Ling, Mei Wen, Zezhou Xiao, Zhiwen Luo, Jiawei Zhuang, Qianqin Li, Songlin Du, Shaoyi Zheng, Peng Zhu. Lymphotoxin beta receptor is associated with regulation of microRNAs expression and nuclear factor-kappa B activation in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells. Annals of palliative medicine. 2020 May;9(3):805-815

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PMID: 32279515

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