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    The role of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification in the cell cycle has been enigmatic. Previously, both O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) disruptions have been shown to derail the mitotic centrosome numbers, suggesting that mitotic O-GlcNAc oscillation needs to be in concert with mitotic progression to account for centrosome integrity. Here, using both chemical approaches and biological assays with HeLa cells, we attempted to address the underlying molecular mechanism and observed that incubation of the cells with the OGA inhibitor Thiamet-G strikingly elevates centrosomal distances, suggestive of premature centrosome disjunction. These aberrations could be overcome by inhibiting Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), a mitotic master kinase. PLK1 inactivation is modulated by the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1)-protein phosphatase 1cβ (PP1cβ) complex. Interestingly, MYPT1 has been shown to be abundantly O-GlcNAcylated, and the modified residues have been detected in a recent O-GlcNAc-profiling screen utilizing chemoenzymatic labeling and bioorthogonal conjugation. We demonstrate here that MYPT1 is O-GlcNAcylated at Thr-577, Ser-585, Ser-589, and Ser-601, which antagonizes CDK1-dependent phosphorylation at Ser-473 and attenuates the association between MYPT1 and PLK1, thereby promoting PLK1 activity. We conclude that under high O-GlcNAc levels, PLK1 is untimely activated, conducive to inopportune centrosome separation and disruption of the cell cycle. We propose that too much O-GlcNAc is equally deleterious as too little O-GlcNAc, and a fine balance between the OGT/OGA duo is indispensable for successful mitotic divisions. © 2020 Liu et al.


    Caifei Liu, Yingxin Shi, Jie Li, Xuewen Liu, Zhikai Xiahou, Zhongping Tan, Xing Chen, Jing Li. O-GlcNAcylation of myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) dictates timely disjunction of centrosomes. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2020 May 22;295(21):7341-7349

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    PMID: 32295844

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