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    Sperm cryopreservation is an essential approach for assisted reproduction and genetic resources conservation in captive giant pandas. Cryopreservation, however, leads to a significant decrease in sperm quality and, consequently, a low fertilization rate. Therefore, it is mandatory to disclose more suitable and efficient freezing strategies for sperm cryopreservation. In the present study, we compared for the first time the performance of two commercial freeze extender (INRA96 versus TEST) freezing methods on post-thawed semen quality. Semen cryopreserved with the INRA96 showed better total motility (73.00 ± 4.84% vs 57.56 ± 3.60%, P < 0.001), membrane integrity (60.92 ± 2.27% vs 40.53 ± 2.97%, P < 0.001) and acrosome integrity (90.39 ± 2.74% vs 84.26 ± 4.27%, P < 0.05) than stored with TEST. There was no significant difference in DNA integrity after thawing between the two extenders (95.69 ± 3.60% vs 94.26 ± 4.84%). In conclusion, the INRA96 method showed to be better for giant panda sperm cryopreservation and should therefore be recommended for use in order to increase success of artificial insemination. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Dong-Hui Wang, Yu-Liang Liu, Zhi-Gang Cai, Jun-Hui An, Jing-Chao Lan, Jia-Song Chen, Yuan Li, Ling He, Ying Zhang, Ping He, Zhi-He Zhang, Shang-Mian Yie, Rong Hou. Effects of extender type on the quality of post-thaw giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) semen. Cryobiology. 2020 Jun;94:95-99

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    PMID: 32304703

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