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The concept of anesthesia, in which kidney perfusion is optimized, the use of nephrotoxic drugs is avoided, and general anesthesia with protective and preconditioning properties of the graft is applied, is a key element of the therapeutic strategy in kidney transplantation (KTx). A total of 86 patients (mean age: 49.4 ± 14.0 years, 66% men) with end-stage renal disease who underwent KTx between 2012 and 2015 were included in this retrospective study. Our aim was to assess the effect of oxygen content in arterial blood and selected hemodynamic parameters on the graft function and the occurrence of delayed graft failure. No differences were found in baseline characteristics, indication for transplantation, and surgical technique used among study population. No correlation was found between oxygen delivery exponents and both standard markers of renal function and new biochemical markers (eg, IL-18, clusterin, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL]). In our study, hemodynamic parameters measured at scheduled intervals did not exceed the physiological range, which might have been the reason for the lack of correlation between the function of graft and the described hemodynamic conditions. At the same time, in the observed ranges of perfusion pressure during optimization of the oxygen content, no correlations were found with the postoperative function of the transplanted kidney. That observation could be a valuable conclusion for reducing the tendency of maintaining high blood pressure with the abuse of catecholamines, especially vasoconstrictors, and volume therapy, whose negative effect on tissue perfusion is unequivocal. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Marceli Lukaszewski, Kinga Kosiorowska, Miroslaw Banasik, Katarzyna Koscielska-Kasprzak, Magdalena Krajewska. Effect of Perioperative Optimization of Arterial Oxygen Content and Perfusion Pressure on the Function of the Transplanted Kidney in the Retrospective Study of Excretory Function and Assessment of New Markers of Kidney Damage: IL-18, Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin, and Clusterin. Transplantation proceedings. 2020 Oct;52(8):2284-2287

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PMID: 32312533

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