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Discohesive growth pattern (Disco-p) is often observed in lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) and mimics tumor budding (TB), stromal invasive-type micropapillary pattern (SMPP), and complex glandular pattern. However, the clinical impact of Disco-p in lung ADC has not been well studied. To investigate the prognostic significance of Disco-p, we analyzed 1062 Japanese patients with resected lung ADC. Disco-p was defined as an invasive growth pattern composed of single tumor cells, or trabeculae or small nests of tumor cells associated with desmoplastic fibrous stroma. We recorded the percentage of Disco-p in 5% increments independent of the major histologic pattern and investigated its correlation with different clinicopathological factors. We also analyzed the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Disco-p was observed in 203 tumors (19.1%). Disco-p was significantly associated with male sex, smoking, lymph node metastasis, large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymphovascular and pleural invasion, spread through air spaces, and TB (all, p < 0.001). Of the total cases, only eight cases exhibited a dubious pattern between SMPP and Disco-p. Disco-p was also associated with wild-type EGFR (p < 0.001) and ALK fusion (p = 0.008). Patients harboring tumors with Disco-p had significantly worse prognoses (OS and DFS (both, p < 0.001)) compared with those without Disco-p. On multivariate analysis, Disco-p was an independent prognostic factor of worse OS (hazard ratio (HR), 2.572; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.789-3.680; p < 0.001), and DFS (HR, 3.413; 95% CI, 2.482-4.683; p < 0.001), whereas TB was not an independent unfavorable prognostic factor. Disco-p was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor in patients with resected lung ADC, although a careful evaluation is necessary to distinguish it from similar patterns. We proposed that Disco-p should be recognized as a new invasive pattern and accurately recorded for the better management of patients with lung ADCs.

Citation

Mariyo Rokutan-Kurata, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Naoki Nakajima, Yuki Teramoto, Shinji Sumiyoshi, Kyoko Kondo, Masatsugu Hamaji, Makoto Sonobe, Toshi Menju, Hiroshi Date, Hironori Haga. Discohesive growth pattern (Disco-p) as an unfavorable prognostic factor in lung adenocarcinoma: an analysis of 1062 Japanese patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc. 2020 Sep;33(9):1722-1731


PMID: 32313186

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