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Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative dementia after Alzheimer's disease, and is pathologically characterized by formation of intracellular inclusions called Lewy bodies, the major constituent of which is aggregated α-synuclein (αS). Currently, neither a mechanistic etiology nor an effective disease-modifying therapy for DLB has been established. Although two missense mutations of β-synuclein (βS), V70M and P123H, were identified in sporadic and familial DLB, respectively, the precise mechanisms through which βS mutations promote DLB pathogenesis remain elusive. To further clarify such mechanisms, we investigated transgenic (Tg) mice expressing P123H βS, which develop progressive neurodegeneration in the form of axonal swelling and non-motor behaviors, such as memory dysfunction and depression, which are more prominent than motor deficits. Furthermore, cross-breeding of P123H βS Tg mice with αS Tg mice worsened the neurodegenerative phenotype presumably through the pathological cross-seeding of P123H βS with αS. Collectively, we predict that βS misfolding due to gene mutations might be pathogenic. In this paper, we will discuss the possible involvement of amyloidogenic evolvability in the pathogenesis of DLB based on our previous papers regarding the P123H βS Tg mice. Given that stimulation of αS evolvability by P123H βS may underlie neuropathology in our mouse model, more radical disease-modifying therapy might be derived from the evolvability mechanism. Additionally, provided that altered βS were involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic DLB, the P123H βS Tg mice could be used for investigating the mechanism and therapy of DLB.


Masayo Fujita, Gilbert Ho, Yoshiki Takamatsu, Ryoko Wada, Kazutaka Ikeda, Makoto Hashimoto. Possible Role of Amyloidogenic Evolvability in Dementia with Lewy Bodies: Insights from Transgenic Mice Expressing P123H β-Synuclein. International journal of molecular sciences. 2020 Apr 19;21(8)

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PMID: 32325870

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