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Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are essential components of the mitochondrial outer membrane. VDACs are involved in the exchange of numerous ions and molecules, from ATP to larger molecules such as tRNAs, and are supposed to adjust exchanges in response to cell signals and stresses. Four major VDACs have been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana. The goal of this study was to explore the specific functions of these proteins, in particular, in tRNA import into mitochondria and stress response. The main results were: (i) VDACs appeared to differentially interact with tRNAs, and VDAC4 could be the major tRNA channel on the outer membrane, (ii) a VDAC3 mRNA isoform was found induced by different stresses, suggesting that VDAC3 might be specifically involved in early steps of stress response and (iii) an analysis of vdac3 and vdac1 mutant lines showed that VDAC3 and VDAC1 shared some, but not all functions. In conclusion, this work brings new knowledge on VDACs, which do not appear as interchangeable pores of the outer membrane and each VDAC has its own specificity.


Mickaële Hemono, Élodie Ubrig, Kevin Azeredo, Thalia Salinas-Giegé, Laurence Drouard, Anne-Marie Duchêne. Arabidopsis Voltage-Dependent Anion Channels (VDACs): Overlapping and Specific Functions in Mitochondria. Cells. 2020 Apr 21;9(4)

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PMID: 32326174

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