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    Phosphodiesterase 2A (PDE2A) is a cAMP-cGMP hydrolyzing enzyme essential for mouse development and the PDE2A knockout model (PDE2A-/-) is embryonic lethal. Notably, livers of PDE2A-/- embryos at embryonic day 14.5 (E14.5) have extremely reduced size. Morphological, cellular and molecular analyses revealed loss of integrity in the PDE2A-/- liver niche that compromises the hematopoietic function and maturation. Hematopoietic cells isolated from PDE2A-/- livers are instead able to differentiate in in vitro assays, suggesting the absence of blood cell-autonomous defects. Apoptosis was revealed in hepatoblasts and at the endothelial and stromal compartments in livers of PDE2A-/- embryos. The increase of the intracellular cAMP level and of the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER) in liver of PDE2A-/- embryos might explain the impairment of liver development by downregulating the expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl2. In summary, we propose PDE2A as an essential gene for integrity maintenance of liver niche and the accomplishment of hematopoiesis.


    Federica Barbagallo, Valentina Rotilio, Maria Rita Assenza, Salvatore Aguanno, Tiziana Orsini, Sabrina Putti, Andrea M Isidori, Andrea Lenzi, Fabio Naro, Luciana De Angelis, Manuela Pellegrini. PDE2A Is Indispensable for Mouse Liver Development and Hematopoiesis. International journal of molecular sciences. 2020 Apr 21;21(8)

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    PMID: 32326334

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