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    Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110 (ATCC 31044) is the wild type of industrial producer strains of acarbose. Acarbose has been used since the early 1990s as an inhibitor of intestinal human α-glucosidases in the medical treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. The small secreted protein Cgt, which consists of a single carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) 20-domain, was found to be highly expressed in Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110 in previous studies, but neither its function nor a possible role in the acarbose formation was explored, yet. Here, we demonstrated the starch-binding function of the Cgt protein in a binding assay. Transcription analysis showed that the cgt gene was strongly repressed in the presence of glucose or lactose. Due to this and its high abundance in the extracellular proteome of Actinoplanes, a functional role within the sugar metabolism or in the environmental stress protection was assumed. However, the gene deletion mutant ∆cgt, constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, displayed no apparent phenotype in screening experiments testing for pH and osmolality stress, limited carbon source starch, and the excess of seven different sugars in liquid culture and further 97 carbon sources in the Omnilog Phenotypic Microarray System of Biolog. Therefore, a protective function as a surface protein or a function within the retainment and the utilization of carbon sources could not be experimentally validated. Remarkably, enhanced production of acarbose was determined yielding into 8-16% higher product titers when grown in maltose-containing medium.


    Lena Schaffert, Susanne Schneiker-Bekel, Jessica Gierhake, Julian Droste, Marcus Persicke, Winfried Rosen, Alfred Pühler, Jörn Kalinowski. Absence of the highly expressed small carbohydrate-binding protein Cgt improves the acarbose formation in Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 2020 Jun;104(12):5395-5408

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    PMID: 32346757

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