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    Studies of floral polymorphisms have focused on heterostyly, while stigma-height dimorphism has received considerably less attention. Few studies have examined the reproductive biology of species with stigma-height dimorphism to understand how factors influencing mate availability and pollen transfer are related to morph ratios in populations. Floral morphological traits, especially herkogamy and reciprocity, pollinator visitation, breeding system and spatiotemporal mate availability, are known to affect inter-morph pollination and morph ratios in species with stigma-height dimorphism. In this study, we investigated the presence of stigma-height dimorphism and estimated morph ratios in four naturally occurring populations of Jasminum malabaricum. We quantified morph- and population-specific differences in the abovementioned factors in these populations to understand the observed morph ratios. The positions of anthers and stigmas were characteristic of stigma-height dimorphism, the first report of this polymorphism in the genus. All study populations were isoplethic, implying equal fitness of both morphs. Herkogamy was higher in the short-styled morph, while reciprocity was higher between the long-styled stigma and short-styled anthers. Long- and short-tongued pollinators were common floral visitors, and we observed no differences between morphs in spatiotemporal mate availability or pollinator visitation. Neither morph exhibited self- or heteromorphic incompatibility. The short-styled stigma had lower reciprocity but likely receives sufficient inter-morph pollen from long-tongued pollinators, and also by avoiding self-pollination due to higher herkogamy. These results highlight the importance of sufficient effective pollinators and floral morphological features, particularly herkogamy, in maintaining isoplethy in species with stigma-height dimorphism. © 2020 German Society for Plant Sciences and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.


    S Ganguly, D Barua. High herkogamy but low reciprocity characterizes isoplethic populations of Jasminum malabaricum, a species with stigma-height dimorphism. Plant biology (Stuttgart, Germany). 2020 Sep;22(5):899-909

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    PMID: 32352185

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