Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The Mn4 CaO5 cluster of photosystem II (PSII) advances sequentially through five oxidation states (S0 to S4 ). Under the enzyme cycle, two water molecules are oxidized, O2 is generated and four protons are released into the lumen. Umena et al. (2011) have proposed that, with other charged amino acids, the R323 residue of the D1 protein could contribute to regulate a proton egress pathway from the Mn4 CaO5 cluster and TyrZ via a proton channel identified from the 3D structure. To test this suggestion, a PsbA3/R323E site-directed mutant has been constructed and the properties of its PSII have been compared to those of the PsbA3-PSII by using EPR spectroscopy, polarography, thermoluminescence and time-resolved UV-visible absorption spectroscopy. Neither the oscillations with a period four nor the kinetics and S-state-dependent stoichiometry of the proton release were affected. However, several differences have been found: (1) the P680 + decay in the hundreds of ns time domain was much slower in the mutant, (2) the S2 QA - /DCMU and S3 QA - /DCMU radiative charge recombination occurred at higher temperatures and (3) the S0 TyrZ • , S1 TyrZ • , S2 TyrZ • split EPR signals induced at 4.2 K by visible light from the S0 TyrZ , S1 TyrZ , S2 TyrZ , respectively, and the (S2 TyrZ • )' induced by NIR illumination at 4.2 K of the S3 TyrZ state differed. It is proposed that the R323 residue of the D1 protein interacts with TyrZ likely via the H-bond network previously proposed to be a proton channel. Therefore, rather than participating in the egress of protons to the lumen, this channel could be involved in the relaxations of the H-bonds around TyrZ by interacting with the bulk, thus tuning the driving force required for TyrZ oxidation. © 2020 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society.


Miwa Sugiura, Tomonori Taniguchi, Nanami Tango, Makoto Nakamura, Julien Sellés, Alain Boussac. Probing the role of arginine 323 of the D1 protein in photosystem II function. Physiologia plantarum. 2021 Feb;171(2):183-199

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32359083

View Full Text